Police Find Afghan Dead Listings

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The Dutch police, while conducting a criminal investigation into a war crime suspect from Afghanistan, discovered lists which contained the names of 5,000 people who were executed by the Communist regime. The public prosecutor's Office published the lists today so that the victims' families could learn about the fate of relatives who disappeared, after more than thirty years. The Dutch Ambassador in Afghanistan presented the lists to the Afghan media. The lists have also been published on the internet.

A special police team, dealing with war crimes, got their hands on the list while investigating an Afghan refugee. The man, Amanullah O., was suspected of involvement in torture in 1978 and 1979. He was head of the Department of Trial of the former Afghan secret service AGSA.

Thousands of suspected opponents of the Communist regime were shot and killed, sometimes during mass executions. In many cases, people disappeared and were never heard of again.

Afghan casualties

Upon arrival in the Netherlands in 1993, Amanullah O. admitted he had worked at the AGSA and that he had signed documents about people who would be executed. For that reason he was not issued a refugee status, but he could not be deported back to Afghanistan because his life would be in danger.

In 2010, the police launched a criminal investigation on Amanullah, based on his own statements from 1993. During their research, a witness in Germany, a 93-year-old woman from Hamburg, was found to have over 150 pages with the names of people who were murdered by the regime then. The official documents listed the victims alphabetically and chronologically. They also stated what the victims were suspected of.

The woman had at one time received the lists from a special reporter of the United Nations for Afghanistan. According to the Public Prosecution the survivors did not know of the lists. That is why they were still made public. The lists were also handed over to the Red Cross. The Prosecution notified a number of survivors about the fate of their murdered family members.